After abandoning the Moon for more than 30 years, space agencies have decided to return to the moon and live there permanently. This project should come to fruition from 2020.
Thanks to the rocks collected by the different Apollo missions and the temperature and seismograph analyzes, the scientists say that it would be very interesting to go to observe the sky from the moon, especially from an observatory located on the hidden face. Why ? Because the moon does not have an atmosphere. The sky is very dark and one can observe objects very far away that the turbulence of the air on the Earth makes vague or that the light of the city makes almost invisible.
The hidden face of the Moon is also safe from the waves emitted by all the radios and TV of the Earth. The Moon is therefore primarily interested in astronomers and radio astronomers who can photograph the sky and listen to the sounds of space much more easily than on Earth without fear of parasites.
To seriously study the Moon and enjoy all its benefits you must settle permanently. In a few years, astronauts will live all the time on the moon in small groups. Crews will regularly commute with Earth to replace existing teams.
The future lunar base will probably be half buried to protect it from falling meteorites but also temperature differences. Part of the building materials such as concrete will be made on the moon from lunar materials while the oxygen needed to breathe will be extracted from the lunar rocks.
As for the energy, the sun illuminating the moon permanently, it will be sufficient to place large solar panels to produce electricity. Another easier solution is to use atomic batteries.
Once on the Moon scientists will take care of their projects while the astronauts will have the mission to exploit the natural resources of the Moon: they will dig the soil in search of minerals, building materials and metals as the iron, aluminum or titanium. Helium-3 is also found on the Moon, an unknown gas on Earth that can be used to power the nuclear power plants of the future.
Only problem, digging the lunar subsoil, astronauts will raise a lot of dust and as there is no air and little gravity, the lightest particles will stay above the ground for months and years. If the astronauts dig many mines on the Moon, after a few decades scientists will not be able to observe the sky that will be invaded by fine dust. And like on Earth where we must all pay attention to pollution, one day, astronauts will have to stop polluting on the Moon … That’s why space agencies, in collaboration with specialized lawyers, are now preparing the rules and regulations. laws that will later be applied to the Moon.